Water is an item which we, as humans, need in order to sustain our lives. That statement is something you learn in your very early years of life due to its high impact on you as a person. In order to function on a daily basis, you need water. Now that we have established your necessity for this item, we can establish its importance in other ways. Water, I’m sure you know, makes up 75 percent of earth’s surface . However, of that massive 75 percent, 96.5 percent of that comprises from ocean water leaving a mere 3 percent of freshwater. This isn’t much to work with given our increasing global population of just humans alone. As much as it may seem, we aren’t the only species on earth needing water’s benefits. Numerous forms of plant and animal life depend on water as well. Now, some of them can thrive in salt water environments, but that’s not the point. The point here, is that there is such a high and increasing demand for freshwater on this planet, with an ever-increasing depletion of the sweet natural resource called water.
There are a couple issues surrounding the accessibility of our drinking water. With our drinking water, our ever-increasing depletion of it has caused there to be droughts and shortages in many different parts of the world. With an increasing population, there has been a higher demand for our drinking water source causing the stress surrounding providing this population with water to increase as well. With a need to provide for more people over the years, we have ultimately polluted this water as a result. This pollution is a huge problem in the areas of the world that cannot afford the technology to filter the water as it has been a reason for many infantile deaths.
First off, we must define drought in order to understand its circumstances. Drought, according to the USGS, is defined as, “period of drier-than-normal conditions that results in water-related problems”. While they list a couple of more specific definitions of drought, this more broad definition will suffice. Increasing drought and other factors such as poor infrastructure or lack of proper waste management systems have thus led to polluted drinking water thus decreasing the possibility of having safe drinking water become affordable to those in dire need water is a basic human need to survive and so it shouldn’t be disputed that it is a basic human right as well. Our depletion of our major natural resource has caused there to be drastic amounts of drought in many dense demographic areas of the world. For example California has recently suffered from drought from the impacts of water depletion. In January of 2014 the state governor declared that the state was currently experiencing a drought and that it was a state of emergency . They have not fully lifted that declaration as of now, but areas of the state seem to have replenished their sources . The people of California have found ways around this drought and they have adapted to an extremely conservative way of using their water.
In some parts of the world, the only option people have is to drink extremely polluted water in order to survive. However, this polluted water provides more risk to their health. In extreme cases, people have died from drinking water that isn’t filtered or considered clean. The fact that this is happening in this day is baffling. It has become more of social issue as the years pass. Many of the people that die from water related diseases are in parts of the world that don’t have access to clean water OR access to decent health care.
How do we prevent, mitigate, adapt, or control these factors contributing to the decrease in water access? Over the course of the next three months, I will be observing sustainable solutions to the issue surrounding accessibility to water in parts of the world that are below the poverty line. In addition, I will observe alternative solutions to the places in the world in which people have access to water but ultimately unknowingly or knowingly abuse this access daily. Through this research and though process, I will hopefully develop new or improved ways to deal with the increasing drought carefully following our class definition of the word sustainability.